Digital Economy

Digital Economy refers to an economy that is based on digital computing technologies. Three main components of the ‘Digital Economy’ concept can be identified:

  • supporting infrastructure (hardware, software, telecoms, networks, etc.),
  • e-business (how business is conducted, any process that an organization conducts over computer-mediated networks),
  • e-commerce (transfer of goods, for example when a book is sold online).


A broadband connection is a high-speed internet connection. There are quite a few ways to connect to broadband:

  • ADSL
  • Mobile
  • NBN (National Broadband Network)
  • Satellite


Short for asymmetric digital subscriber line, ADSL is a type of DSL broadband communications technology used for connecting to the internet. ADSL allows more data to be sent over existing copper telephone lines (POTS) compared to traditional modem lines.


ADSL2 is an extension to ADSL broadband technology that provides subscribers with significantly faster download speeds when compared to traditional ADSL connections.

Mobile broadband

Mobile Broadband is the marketing term for wireless Internet access through a portable modem, mobile phone, USB wireless modem, tablet or other mobile devices.

Wireless Broadband Ethernet

Enables wireless connectivity via radio waves rather than wires on a person’s home or office computer, laptop, smartphone or similar mobile device.

National Broadband Network (NBN)

The National Broadband Network (NBN) is Australia’s new landline phone and internet network.

NBN Co Limited is a government business entity, the team behind the NBN network rollout responsible for providing wholesale services to landline phone companies and internet services providers who offer NBN plans for homes and businesses. As a wholesaler, NBN does not sell directly to the public.

The aim of the NBN network is to give users access to fast, reliable phone and internet services from a range of providers. A mix of technologies is used to deliver Australia’s new broadband network and which technology being used is very specific to the address of the home or business.

NBN Fibre (also referred to as Fixed Line) is fibre optic cable made of glass and uses light to transmit data with speeds much faster than over the traditional copper network.

NBN Fixed Wireless Fixed wireless transmits from a nearby base station to an antenna that will be fitted to the roof of the home or office.  Fixed wireless service is not a mobile service, it will use mobile technology to transmit signals to and from a small antenna fixed on the outside of a home or business, which is pointed directly towards the fixed wireless facility.

NBN’s fixed wireless network, which uses advanced technology commonly referred to as LTE or 4G, is engineered to deliver services to a fixed number of premises within each coverage area. This means that the bandwidth per household is designed to be more consistent than mobile wireless, even in peak times of use. Unlike a mobile wireless service where speeds can be affected by the number of people moving into and out of the area, the speed available in a fixed wireless network is designed to remain relatively steady.

NBN Satellite broadband is where a small antenna or dish is installed on the roof of a home or business in order to transmit and receive data from a satellite orbiting the Earth. The satellite then transmits the data back to a network of satellite ground stations – much larger satellite dishes – and these connect to the internet.


Bandwidth (computing) is the rate of data transfer, bit rate or throughput, measured in bits per second (bit/s)

Standard Telephone Lines (PSTN)

Short for Public Switched Telephone Network, which refers to the international telephone system based on copper wires carrying analog voice data.

Digital Phone Lines (ISDN)

Abbreviation of Integrated Services Digital Network, an international communications standard for sending voice, video, and data over digital telephone lines or normal telephone wires.

IP Telephony (Internet Protocol Telephony)

Systems use packet-switched Voice over IP (VoIP), or internet telephony, to transmit telephone calls over the internet instead of the circuit-switched telephony used by the traditional Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). Also known as VoIP phone systems.


Ethernet is a local-area network (LAN) architecture that uses a bus or star topology and supports data transfer rates of 10 Mbps.

Ethernet over Copper (EoC)

Ethernet over copper pair provides broadband using copper wires twisted together in pairs entering your building, traditionally used for telephone transmission.

Cloud computing

Cloud computing is the practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet – instead of your computer’s hard drive or onsite server – to store, manage, and process data and programs.

Applications or ‘apps’

Refers to application software and is frequently used to mean mobile downloadable applications or computer programs. Depending on the activity for which the app was designed, an application can manipulate text, numbers, graphics, or a combination of these  elements.

Social media

Social media is online technologies and practices that people use to share opinions, insights, experiences and perspectives. Can take many different forms, including internet forums, social networking, social blogs, wikis, podcasts, pictures, video, rating and bookmarking.